Chatham House is monitoring forest governance and legality in 19 countries to assess the effectiveness of government and private sector efforts to tackle illegal logging and trade. Illegal logging costs the global economy an estimated US$10-15bn a year and undercuts legitimate business. Illegal logging/FLEGT Action Plan . Driven mostly by profit, illegal logging has negative impacts on forest ecosystems, communities and economies. Illegal logging is the catalyst to deforestation around the globe, threatening some of the world’s most important forests in terms of conservation value. Illegal logging is the harvesting of timber in contravention of the laws and regulations of the country of harvest. Predatory logging brings roads deeper into the forest, which in turn fuels more logging, impacts Indigenous Peoples and traditional local communities, as well as harming wildlife. Illegal logging has been linked to: Illegal logging is a global problem with significant negative economic, environmental and social impact. And yet, for many of the people that live in these forests, illegal logging is a vital source of income – sometimes it is the only way to survive. Illegal logging has been a problem in Madagascar for decades and is perpetuated by extreme poverty and government corruption.Often taking the form of selective logging, the trade has been driven by high international demand for expensive, fine-grained lumber such as rosewood and ebony. The rate is 85 percent in Myanmar and nearly 65 percent in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Illegal timber exploitation is severe and getting worse in the country, say officials and environmental protection workers. Illegal logging transcript DOCX [31 KB, 1 page] Illegal logging is a major global problem. Logging in Cameroon is shrouded in illegality. In economic terms illegal logging results in lost revenues and other foregone benefits. In Peru, illegal logging happens at a rate of approximately 80 percent. In a significant number of countries, illegal logging is a major problem that poses a serious threat to forests, communities and wildlife. Illegal logging threatens some of the world's most valuable forests – from the Amazon to the Russian Far East. Illegal logging is a major contributor to the loss of Indonesia’s forests. “Without being an expert, I can say that before exploiters fell only large trees,” says Ze Vina, a resident of Ebolowa in the South region, another timber exploitation center. The trends of illegal logging and current situation of illegal logging in Peninsular Malaysia were studies. While recent revelations of illegal logging in Romania have prompted reports that the forest surface is in decline, available statistics paint to a worrying – but less dramatic – situation. 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